You can encrypt files and folders in Windows (vers. 7-10) using BitLocker. This Vista operating system extension has on-disk encryption as well as key management capability. It’s protected by two-factor authentication, so anyone who wants to crack the code needs a hardware key and your specified long passphrase.
Through its trusted platform module (TPM) hardware, BitLocker provides advanced security features. For instance, when encryption is only at the software level, access may be vulnerable to dictionary attacks. Hardware-level protection safeguards your system from guessing or automated attacks.
Follow these steps to see if your computer has a TPM chip:
BitLocker is typically available on these platforms:
Follow this procedure to encrypt folders and files:
To decrypt your file or folder:
Follow steps 1-6 above. However, uncheck the Encrypt contents to secure data box for step 4.
Now, you can unlock your drive at startup by entering a password or inserting the USB drive.
You can encrypt the whole hard drive, but the process is time-consuming. If you have a lot of data, expect to wait a long time. You’ll want to leave your computer connected to an uninterrupted power source throughout the process. You have to reboot for the changes to take place. However, you can work throughout the process.
Now you can secure your files to keep out prying eyes and hackers.